Sunday, 20 December 2009

Nepal: Migration and Development in South Asia

Dev Raj Dahal
Head, FES Nepal

Introduction: The new globalization reflects unorganized movement of workers while 19th century globalization was better organized as the states did not restrict the movement of workers. Now almost 3 percent of world's workers are on move. Though the state rules prevent the migration of workers but fosters the process of the globalization of capital, technology, knowledge and marketable goods. Developed countries demand more skilled workers which are in short supply in developing countries while the Gulf region and fastest growing economies demand all types of migrants. Brain drain has also reduced the stock of the nation's human capital and created development gap between the two where the developed countries defines the rules of game while developing countries have to adjust. Due to concentration of power and resources in urban notes there is a mass migration of people from rural to urban areas and even out migration. This is integrating various peoples into monoculture or mass civilization. Read more

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